WRITE SHORT NOTES ON:
- Pathology, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of Rickets
- A) Structure of physis with suitable diagrams,
B)Classify the physeal injuries.
- Evidence based medicine.
- Pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of Fat Embolism Syndrome.
- Role of nuclear scan studies in orthopedic practice.
Short notes on:
- a) Gait cycle,
b) List various types of gaits,
c) Features of Antalgic and Trendelenburg gait.
- a) Synovial fluid analysis,
b) Wallerian degeneration.
- a) Nerve conduction velocity,
b) Clinical features, diagnosis, treatment of Carpal tunnel syndrome.
- a) Properties of bone graft,
b) Different types of bone grafts, bone graft substitute and their incorporation.
- a) Role of biofilm in implant infection,
b) Production, regulation and management of biofilm.
PART –II A
Write short notes on:
- a) Dupuytren’s contracture,
b) Tibial hemimelia.
- a) Sunderland’s classification of nerve injury,
b) Tendon transfers or ulnar nerve palsy.
- Surgical steps of:
a) Hardinge approach to hip,
b) Antero-lateral decompression of D5 – D6 spine.
- a) ATT regimens in bone and joint tuberculosis,
b) Safe surgical dislocation: indications and key steps.
- a) Clinical and radiological features in diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of hip(DDH),
b) Treatment of unilateral DDH in an 18-month old child.
PART –II B
- a) Stage of tubercular arthritis hip,
b) Differentiating clinical features, treatment and prognosis of each stage.
- Differentiate between
a) Neurological and vascular claudication,
b) Paraplegia with active disease (Early onset paraplegia) and paraplegia with healed disease (Late onset paraplegia).
- a) Enumerate fibrous lesions of bone,
b) Clinical features, diagnosis and management of fibrous dysplasia of bone.
- a) Osgood – Schlatter disease,
b) Congenital vertical talus.
5.a) Flexor zones of hand,
b) Clinical features and management of a 2 month old with zone 2 injury.
Part III A
Short notes on:
- a) What is reverse shoulder arthroplasty?
b) How is it different from conventional shoulder arthroplasty?
- a) Randomized control trial,
b) Instrumentation in spinal tuberculosis- rationale and indications.
- Applications of MRI in diagnosis and management of spinal tumours.
- Differentiate between-
a) Primary and secondary fracture healing,
b) SACH foot and Jaipur foot.
- a) enumerate the bearing surfaces in total hip arthroplasty,
b) advantages and disadvantages of each bearing surfaces.
Part III B
- Classify periprosthetic femoral shaft fractures after Total hip arthroplasty and their treatment options.
- a) Classify calcaneal fractures,
b) Management principles and complications of calcaneal fracture.
- a) Mangled extremity severity score(MESS),
b) Ganga score.
- a) Pulseless pink hand following a supracondylar fracture of a humerus in a child
b) Hoffa’s fracture
- a) Enumerate the causes of rupture of Achilles tendon,
b) Diagnosis and treatment of a fresh case of rupture of Achilles tendon in 60 yr old patient.
Part IV A
Short notes on:
- a) Classify Tibial plateau fracture,
b) Mechanism of injury, evaluation and treatment of each type.
- a) Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality(SCIWORA),
b) Hangman’s fracture.
- a) Define compartment syndrome,
b) Clinical features, investigations and management of acute compartment syndrome of leg.
- a) Mechanism of injury of ‘unhappy triad of O’donoghue’,
b) Outline management of chronic ACL insufficiency in a young athlete.
- a) Ligamentotaxis,
b) Classification of fracture of distal end of radius.
Part IV B
- a) Oncogenic osteomalacia,
b) Autologous chondrocyte implantation.
- Current concepts in management of osteosarcoma.
- a) DMARDS in rheumatoid arthritis,
b) Local antibiotic delivery.
- Current concepts in the management of skeletal metastasis.
- a) Classify neglected femoral neck fracture in adults,
b) Treatment with rationale in each type of neglected femoral neck fracture.