- a)Define gait.
b)Outline phases of gait.
c)Define eccentric & concentric muscle contraction.
d)Give one example of each contraction in the gait cycle.
- a)Types of Brachial Plexux injuries around birth,
b)Mechanism of causation,
c)Clinical features in a new born &
d)Management of a neglected/undiagnosed Erb’s palsy in a 3 year old child.
- a)Level of Syme’s amputation.
b)Merits & demerits of Syme’s amputation.
c) Modification of Syme’s amputation.
d)Prosthetic management after Syme’s amputation.
- a)Classification of congenital scoliosis.
b)Treatment guidelines in young children with adequate growth potential.
- a)What is Virchow’s triad?
b)Enumerate the risk factors for developing deep vein Thrombosis (DVT).
c)Prophylactic treatment for DVT.
- a)Define cerebral palsy (CP).
b)Classify cerebral palsy.
c)Principles of dorsal root rhizotomy in management of static CP.
- a)Risk factors for developing infections following total hip arthroplasty.
b)Classification of prosthetic joint infection.
c)Management protocol of joint infection.
- a)What is Pes cavus?
b)Classification of Pes cavus.
c)Causes of Pes cavus.
d)Coleman’s block test and its interpretation in Pes cavus.
- a)Enneking’s staging of benign and malignant bone tumours.
b)Techniques of biopsy in aggressive (potentially malignant) bone tumours.
- a)Classify congenital failure of formation of limbs
b)Papppas classification for congenital femoral deficiency.
c)Management protocol acccording to Pappas classification.
- a)What is tibia vara?
b)Classify tibia vara.
c)Conventional management of tibia vara and recent advances in its management.
- Anterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome:
a)Enumerate its etiology and clinical features
b)What are the diagnostic tests for it?
c)Its treatment protocol.
- a)What is impingement syndrome (Shoulder)?
b)Pathophysiology of Rotator Cuff.
c)Various imaging modalities for it.
d)Diagnostic tests (describe any two).
- a)Enumerate the surgical approaches to reduce & fix pilon fracture.
b)Enumerate steps of postero-lateral approach
c)Enumerate its advantages & disadvantages.
- a)Define spondylolisthesis
b)Its classification in adults
c)Clinical features & diagnostic tests
- a)Etiopathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis
b)Common deformities of rheumatoid hand & their mechanism.
c)Enumerate the various drugs used for the management of rheumatoid arthritis.
- a)Indications of spinal osteotomy in a young patient of ankylosing spondylitis
b)Enumerate osteotomy techniques & their principles
c)Potential complication of spinal osteotomy.
- Madelung’s deformity:
- a)Methods of closing gaps between nerve ends during nerve repair.
b)Enumerate expandable nerves.
c)Donor site morbidity of common donor nerves.
- a)Steps of posterior approach to hip joint while performing total hip arthroplasty
c)What are its advantages & disadvantages as compared to anterior approach?
- a)Terrible triad in elbow fracture dislocations
b)Clinical presentation in acute cases
d)Short terms & long terms complications
- a)What is Flail chest?
b)Clinical features of flail chest & its diagnostic methods in Emergency room
c)Acute and definitive management of flail chest.
- a)Classify tibial condylar fractures
b)Outline its management principles according to classification.
c)Potential complications of tibial condylar fractures and their management.
- a)Classify odontoid fracture.
b)Mechanism of injury
c)Clinical features of an acute odontoid fracture
d)Management of acute odontoid fracture
- a)Classifiy acromioclavicular joint injuries.
b)Imaging techniques for its diagnosis.
c)Management protocol according to classification.
- a)Define stress fracture.
b)Enumerate common sites for stress fracture
c)Causes of stress fractures
d)Clinical features, classification and management of stress fracture of femoral neck in young adults.
- a)Classify proximal radial fractures in children.
b)Its management principles in fresh fractures.
c)Management principles in malunited fractures.
- a)Define amputation
b)Enumerate the indications for amputation
c)Discuss any one objective method to decide amputation/limb salvage after traumatic limb injury.
- a)Effects of polytrauma on respiratory physiology.
b)What is ‘second hit phenomena’?
c)Principles of damage control Orthopaedics.
- a)Discuss wound ballistics briefly.
b)Pathologic anatomy of ballistic wounds and its management principles.
- a)Define end vertebrae & apical vertebrae in adolescent idiopathic sciliosis (AIS).
b)Describe two radiological methods to measure the curve in AIS.
c)Fusionless technique of correction in idiopathic scoliosis.
- a)Define osteoporosis
b)Enumerate lab tests & radiological tests to diagnose & prognosticate osteoporosis/
c)Mechanism of action of Teriparatide in treatment of osteoporosis
d)Potential complication of Teriparatide.
- a)Orthopedic manifestations of HIV infections
b)Universal guidelines for surgeons while operating a patient with proven HIV infection.
- a)Stulberg classification in Perthes disease
b)What is hinged abduction?
c)Management principles/techniques for hinged abduction and coxa magna in healed Perthes disease.
- a)What are synthetic bioabsorbale materials for orthopedic surgery?
b)Enumerate their advantages
c)Enumerate their complication & limitations.
- a)Role of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in total knee arthroplasty
b)Benefits of PCL retention prosthesis
c)Benefits of PCL substitution prosthesis.
- a)Principles of Gamma Camera
b)Radioactive substance(s) used in Gamma Camera
c)Indications & use of Gamma Camera.
- a)Broad indications for hip arthroscopy
b)Portal positioning for hip arthroscopy
c)Potential complications of hip arthroscopy.
- a)Causes of intoeing of gait
b)Radiological investigations and their interpretation in intoeing of gait
c)Its management protocol
- a)Indications & contraindications of total elbow arthroplasty
b)What are the complications of total elbow arthroplasty
c)Changes in design to reduce complications.